What Is Cagr in Mutual Funds? How to Calculate It?

What Is CAGR in Mutual Funds: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to mutual funds, investors often come across complicated terms and metrics. One such metric that is crucial to understand is the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR). CAGR is a useful formula that helps investors measure the performance of their mutual fund investments over a specific period. In this article, we will explain CAGR in simple terms and highlight its significance in the world of mutual funds.

Understanding CAGR

Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) is a metric used to calculate the average annual return on an investment over a given period. It takes into account the consistent growth or decline of the investment. CAGR considers the compounding effect, which means it factors in the reinvestment of profits and dividends over time.

Calculating CAGR in Mutual Funds

To calculate CAGR, you need two pieces of information: the initial investment value and the final investment value over a specific period. The formula for CAGR is as follows:

CAGR = [(Final Value / Initial Value)^(1/n)] – 1

Here, the Final Value represents the investment’s value at the end of the period, Initial Value represents the investment’s value at the beginning of the period, and n represents the number of years.

CAGR Calculation for Axis Focused 25 Fund

Let’s calculate the 3 Year and 5 Year CAGR for Axis Focused 25 Fund Direct Growth  using the Net Asset Value (NAV) values.



End date Beginning


End Nav 3 Year CAGR
02-06-20 02-06-23 29.57 46.04 15.90%


End date Beginning


End Nav 5 year CAGR
02-06-18 02-06-23 29.26 46.040 9.49%

Interpreting CAGR

CAGR provides a simple measure of the investment’s average annual growth rate, making it easier to compare different mutual funds’ performances. A higher CAGR compared to benchmark indicates better performance, while a lower CAGR suggests slower growth. However, it’s important to remember that CAGR alone does not give a complete picture of the investment’s performance. You should consider other factors like risk, volatility, and investment goals before making any decisions.

Significance of CAGR in Mutual Funds

CAGR plays a crucial role in evaluating the long-term performance of mutual funds. It helps investors assess the average annual return on their investment and determine if a fund aligns with their financial goals. By looking at the CAGR, investors can identify mutual funds that have consistently delivered higher returns over a specific period.

Moreover, CAGR allows investors to compare the performance of different mutual funds over similar timeframes. This helps in making informed investment decisions and selecting funds that have shown consistent growth. For example, if Fund A has a CAGR of 15% over the past five years, while Fund B has a CAGR of 12%, an investor may consider Fund A as a potentially better investment option based on its superior historical performance.

Limitations of CAGR

While CAGR provides valuable insights into the investment’s growth rate, it has its limitations. CAGR assumes that the investment grows or declines at a constant rate, which may not always be the case. In reality, mutual fund returns can be volatile and subject to market fluctuations.

Additionally, it’s important to note that CAGR solely calculates the returns between two specific dates and does not take into account the fund’s performance during the entire period. To gain a more comprehensive understanding of a mutual fund’s performance, it is recommended to use rolling returns, which provide a series of overlapping returns over various time periods.


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